Spinal Decompression & Fusion

Spinal decompression and fusion surgery is a complex and comprehensive procedure used to address various spinal conditions, including herniated discs, spinal stenosis, degenerative disc disease, and instability of the spine. This surgical approach involves two main components: decompression and fusion. Decompression aims to relieve pressure on spinal nerves or the spinal cord, while fusion stabilizes the spine by joining two or more vertebrae together.

During the decompression phase, the neurosurgeon removes portions of bone or tissue that are compressing the nerves or spinal cord. This can include removing a herniated disc, trimming bone spurs, or enlarging the spinal canal. Decompression creates more space for the nerves and spinal cord, alleviating symptoms such as pain, numbness, and weakness.

The fusion component of the surgery involves joining two or more vertebrae to eliminate motion between them. This is typically achieved by using bone grafts, either from the patient’s own body or a donor, and adding hardware such as screws, rods, or plates to hold the vertebrae in place. Over time, the bone graft fuses with the adjacent vertebrae, creating a solid, stable structure.

Spinal decompression and fusion surgery is recommended for conditions where conservative treatments have failed to provide relief, and when spinal stability is compromised. Conditions such as severe disc degeneration, spinal deformities, or fractures may necessitate this neurosurgical intervention. The decision to undergo this procedure is made based on a thorough evaluation of the patient’s medical history, imaging studies, and the severity of symptoms.

Recovery from spinal decompression and fusion surgery can vary depending on the extent of the procedure and individual factors. Patients typically undergo a period of rehabilitation, which may include physical therapy to regain strength and mobility. While the surgery can provide significant relief from symptoms, it is important to note that it may limit spinal flexibility.

As with any surgical procedure, spinal decompression and fusion surgery involves risks and potential complications, including infection, bleeding, and issues related to the fusion process. Patient outcomes are influenced by factors such as overall health, adherence to postoperative care, and the specific characteristics of the spinal condition being treated.

Advancements in surgical techniques, materials, and imaging technology continue to improve the safety and efficacy of spinal decompression and fusion surgery. As a result, this procedure remains a valuable option for individuals facing debilitating spinal conditions that have not responded to conservative treatments. The decision to undergo spinal decompression and fusion is typically a collaborative effort between the patient and their neurosurgeon, taking into consideration the potential benefits and risks associated with the surgery.

Coaxial Neurosurgical Specialists provides the highest level of care and compassion for our patients who may require any type of spinal surgery.

Coaxial Neurosurgical Specialists
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